North Country Animal Health Center
Health Care Recommendations
Please take a
moment to review the following information about our recommendations for
your pet's health. These guidelines are based on the recommendations of
AVMA, AAHA, and AAFP. Please feel free to ask our technicians and
doctors any questions you may have.
Feline Health Care Plan:
(or feline distemper): This vaccine contains panleukopenia, calicivirus
and herpesvirus (viral feline rhinotracheitis). This is given every 3-4
weeks until the kitten is at least 16 weeks, then boostered in 1 year,
then every three years.
NY state law requires your pet to be vaccinated for rabies after 12
weeks of age. We use Merial's Purevax vaccine. This is currently an
annual vaccine. This vaccine is considered less inflammatory and may be less likely to stimulate a cancerous mass.*
Non Core Vaccines:
Leukemia vaccine (Felv): Leukemia virus is a potentially fatal virus
that is contracted from direct contact with infected cats, either
through bites, sexual activity, grooming or sharing food bowls. It can
also be passed from a mother cat to her kittens. Although young cats are
most susceptible to the virus, adult cats can be infected as well.
It is strongly
recommended that all kittens at least have the first series of Leukemia
vaccine, whether indoor or outdoors. It is considered an annual vaccine,
but may be spaced out as the pet ages.
Felv/FIV/Heartworm Testing: (Combo Test)
All kittens should be tested for Felv and FIV (Feline AIDs), especially
before starting the Felv vaccine. Both viruses are contagious to and
from other cats. Outdoor cats, especially those that fight or are
intact, should be tested annually.
All pets should have their feces checked annually for intestinal
parasites, whether indoor or outdoors. Many of the parasites that
animals carry are zoonotic (meaning they can pass to humans). The CDC
recommends that animals be dewormed quarterly.
We recommend monthly flea and tick prevention throughout the year, especially in outdoor cats.
* All vaccines can lead to reactions, such as pain at
the injection site, lethargy, fever, vomiting, and diarrhea. A small
lump at the injection site may be normal, but if it lasts for more than a
month, it should be examined. Cats can develop rare, but very serious
reactions known as Vaccine- or Injection-Associated Sarcoma. The cause
is still unclear, but approximately 1 out of 10,000 cats can develop a
cancerous mass at the site of an injection. It is believed to be
associated with the inflammation and trauma of the injection. Because of
this, we offer Merial's PureVax Rabies, which is less inflammatory and may decrease the chance of injection-associated sarcoma.
Canine Health Recommendations:
This injection contains 4 different vaccines; Distemper, Adenovirus,
Parainfluenza, and Parvovirus. It is started at about 6-8 weeks and is
boostered every 3-4 weeks until the pet is about 16 weeks, then at 1
year, then every 3 years.
NY state law requires that your pet be vaccinated for rabies. It is
given after 12 weeks, then at 1 year, then every 3 years. Once your pet
is vaccinated for rabies, he or she should be licensed with the County.
For more information, contact your town office.
- Lyme's Disease- Jefferson County
is considered an endemic area for the tick carrying the bacteria that
causes Lyme's disease. All dogs in this area are at risk, whether
country or urban pets. Tick control is very important, but it is also
recommended to vaccinate you dog against Lyme's disease. This vaccine
can be started at 9 weeks, is boostered in 2-4 weeks, then repeated
annually. A Lyme's test should be done in adult dogs before starting the
vaccine, and should be done annually to assure there is no breakthrough
Cough- Bordetella bronchiseptica can cause a contagious upper
respiratory disease and is usually transmitted when dogs are in close
contact, such as in boarding facilities, dog parks, groomers, or
obedience classes. This can be started at a young age and is boostered
every 6 months in at risk patients.
This disease is a sporadic disease that can cause liver and/or kidney
disease. It is harbored by wildlife and rodents, and survives in the
stagnant water. Clinical signs vary greatly and, although treatable, it
is potentially fatal. This disease is zoonotic, causing flu-like
symptoms in people.
Heartworm/Lyme's/Erhlichia/Anaplasma test (4dx test)
test should be performed annually. Heartworm disease is spread by
mosquitoes, and if untreated, can be fatal. The worms live in the heart
and can extend into the lungs. Currently there is a shortage of
immiticide, the drug to treat heartworm disease, so prevention is very
Ehrlichia and Anaplasma are all tick-born disease. Ehrlichia is more
common in the southern states, but Lyme's and Anaplasma are seen in this
area. Lyme's disease presents in many ways, including lethargy,
lameness, and even kidney failure. Anaplasma destroys platelets, the
clotting cells in the blood and can present with bleeding disorders.
fecal analysis is recommended at your pet's first visit and at every
annual exam. This checks for intestinal parasites, including roundworms,
hook worms and giardia, which are potentially zoonotic. The CDC
recommends your pet be dewormed for roundworms, hook worms and whipworms
at least quarterly.
recommend your pet to be on year-round flea and tick prevention and
heartworm prevention. This will protect him or her from such diseases as
Lyme's disease, Anaplasma, heartworm disease and intestinal parasites.
· Start Distemper Purevax 8-9 weeks. From that point on they will get the Distemper every 3-4 weeks until 16-17 weeks old.
· Rabies given at 12 weeks of age or older.